Dose invasive apocrine adenocarcinoma has worse prognosis than invasive ductal carcinoma of breast: evidence from SEER database

Abstract

BACKGROUND Invasive apocrine adenocarcinoma (AAC) of breast is a rare histopathological subtype of breast carcinomas. We aim to investigate the different characteristics and prognostic outcomes between AAC and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of breast cancer. RESULTS AAC patients presented with older ages, more aggressive behaviors, lower ER and PR proportions, higher HER2 amplification rates and less application of breast-conserving therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy compared to IDC patients. Long-term OS and DSS were both worse in ACC patients (p = 0.006, p = 0.012 respectively) than in IDC patients by Kaplan-Meier analysis. However, no significant difference was detected in DSS (p = 0.181) and OS (p = 0.116) between the matched two histological subtypes. Further subgroup analysis indicated that AJCC stage, ER status, PR status and HER2 status may be principal confounders for AAC prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS With accession to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result (SEER) database, a total of 260,596 patients met the eligibility criteria. Clinicopathological characteristics were compared between groups using Chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were applied to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Subgroup analyses summarized the hazard ratio (HR) of AAC versus IDC using a forest plot. CONCLUSIONS AAC had unique clinicopathological characteristics and it tended to be a more aggressive type than IDC. However, the worse prognosis was diminished after matching for demographic and clinicopathological factors. Deeper insights into AAC are in need to contribute to individualized and tailored therapy, which thereby may improve clinical management and outcomes.

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