The complex process of spermatogenesis is regulated by various factors. In this study, the in vitro effects of follicle-stimulating hormone and testosterone on spermatogonial cell colony formation were investigated. Sertoli and spermatogonial cells were isolated from 3- to 5-month-old calves. Co-cultured Sertoli and spermatogonial cells were treated with follicle-stimulating hormone and testosterone in treatment groups before colony assay. Results indicated that follicle-stimulating hormone is the best factor for in vitro colonization of spermatogonial cells. In conclusion, using follicle-stimulating hormone provided proper bovine spermatogonial stem cell culture medium for in vitro study of these cells.
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